Heads or tails?
TWO rare gold coins f...Heads or tails?
TWO rare gold coins from the reign of Emperor Valens have been unearthed in Egypt. Nevine El-Aref reports on the find. Archaeologists from the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) carrying out a routine archaeological survey at Sail Al-Tofaha area, west of Saint Catherine's Monast...
The ancient Egyptian...Egyptian Offerings
The ancient Egyptians understood death to be just a moment in existence and believed their bodies had needs in the afterlife that mirrored those we have in life. To provide for the needs of the dead, Egyptians left gifts as offerings. Placed on carved stone offering tables in the...
The Hanging Church
El Muallaqa, Dedicat...The Hanging Church
El Muallaqa, Dedicated to the Virgin Mary
The Hanging Church (El Muallaqa, Sitt Mariam, St Mary) derives its name from its location on top of the southern tower gate of the old Babylon fortress (in Old, or Coptic Cairo) with its The Hanging Church nave suspended above the pa...
Pharaoh: Lord of the Two Lands
Th...Pharaoh: Lord of the Two Lands
The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, holding the titles: 'Lord of the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple'.
As 'Lord of the Two Lands' the pharaoh was the...
THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA ,ONE OF THE...THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA ,ONE OF THE SEVEN OLD WONDERS OF THE WORLD BEFORE BEING DESTRUCTED BY AN EARTHQUAKE ( Standing in its site now the Quaietbey citadel ) .
Wild or domesticated bees were che...Bees
Wild or domesticated bees were cherished for their honey, the main sweetener for many food stuffs.
The bee was used to symbolize Lower Egypt, while the sedge stood for Upper Egypt.
"Mummification : Tomb of Senneden, Luxor..."Mummification : Tomb of Senneden, Luxor, Egypt. 19th. Dynasty 1290-1224 B.C."
The God Anubis is represented here embalming the body of the high official Sennedjem. The term embalming (Senefer) means "to give vitality again" and the embalming house (per nefer) means "the house of vitality". For t...
Interior coffin of Paser showing the pro...Interior coffin of Paser showing the protecting goddess Isis painted on the lower part of the coffin ....
THE NILE CROCODILE
Nile Crocodile (Cr...THE NILE CROCODILE
Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) with Egyptian Plover or Crocodile Bird (Pluvianus aegyptius) - digital reconstruction of popular myth attributed to Herodotus, 5th Century BC.
Slowly flying through the sky w...Crane
Slowly flying through the sky with its elegant long neck extended, wings outspread, and legs trailing behind, the crane looks like a magnificent flying cross. So impressive is this graceful soaring - whether a lone bird or a flock in V formation - that the crane has long been viewed as a bi...
It was always an integra...Egyptian music
It was always an integral part of Egyptian culture since ancient times. The ancient Egyptians credited the god Thoth with the invention of music, which Osiris in turn used as part of his effort to civilize the world. The earliest material and representational evidence of Egyptian mus...
Range: Large geographi...Egyptian Cobra
Range: Large geographical range thought to include the following countries: Algeria, Benin, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen.
Habitat: Found near water sources in savannahs, rocky outcroppings and semi-desert regions.
Natural Diet: ...
Egyptian "Nebamun hunting in the marshes...Egyptian "Nebamun hunting in the marshes with his wife an daughter, part of a wall painting from the tomb-chap"
Coffin of a Middle Kingdom official
A...Coffin of a Middle Kingdom official
At the near end of the coffin a goddess stands, her arms raised protectively. The hieroglyphic inscriptions are magical requests for offerings and protection. Small magical amulets made of semiprecious stones or faience were placed within the linen wrappings of...
Statuette of a Woman Giving Birth,usuall...Statuette of a Woman Giving Birth,usually Given to Pregnant Women wishing them a Successful Delivery
Late greco-roman period .
A rather peculiar relief of a woman, sup...A rather peculiar relief of a woman, supporting a child with her left hand, reaches for a fig,notice the non -traditional way of drawing the crossed legs .
from the 25th Dynasty relief in the tomb of Montemhet on the West Bank at Luxor
Head of Ptolemy II Philadelphos
Ptolema...Head of Ptolemy II Philadelphos
Ptolemaic Period, reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, ca. 285?246 B.C.
Gift of The Egyptian Research Account and British School of Archaeology in Egypt, 1912 (12.187.31)
After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., his empire was divided a...
The heart is the centre of ...THE HEART
The heart is the centre of thought and intelligence, and it remembers what its owner got up to. Interfolded in the bands of linen wrapping the body are several amulets to help it on its journey, bearing prayers, spells and chants. One such is a scarab for the heart, engraved with a spel...
Pi, Phi and the Great Pyramid
Assem Dei...Pi, Phi and the Great Pyramid
Assem Deif investigates the values -- not the symbols -- of the last of the Wonders of the Ancient World
We can forget all the ideas crediting Atlanteans or space aliens with building the Great Pyramid of Giza, and instead imagine ourselves travelling back in ti...
During and after the annual f...Shabtis
During and after the annual flood of the Nile, the population were subject to compulsory labour on state projects such as building and maintenance of the irrigation system. In life it would be possible to avoid this by providing a substitute; in death, mummiform figurines or "Answerers" c...
Few things speak of ancient Egypt more c...Few things speak of ancient Egypt more clearly than mummies.
But what these mummies say about the lives and afterlives of ancient Egyptians isn't always so clear. After all, the mummies are bound not just in the fog of millenniums passed, but multiple layers of resin-soaked linen.
"To unwrap t...
The ancient Egyptian...FUNERARY CUSTOMS
The ancient Egyptians were fortunate in inhabiting the fertile valley of the Nile. The river's annual flood deposited a fresh layer of silt renewing the fertility of the soil, and ensuring that, for the most part, the country was prosperous and the population sufficiently fed.
Block Statue of Hor, Son of Ankhkhonsu
...Block Statue of Hor, Son of Ankhkhonsu
Block statues have been known in Egyptian art since the time of the Middle Kingdom and were favored until the Late Period.
They are sculpted from a cubic block, from which only the head emerges. The thighs are brought up to the c...